**A LEVEL PHYSICS**

**A LEVEL PHYSICS**

Year/Term | Month | week | Lessons | Subject Titles | Assignment/Homework |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

Topic 1 | |||||

01-???? | September | 1 | 9 | SI base and derived units. Measurement & techniques. Significant figures scientific notation, standard form and prefixes. | Past paper questions |

Topic 2 | |||||

01-???? | September | 2 | 9 | Derive equations of motion Practise problems in one dimension. Measurement of the acceleration of free fall. Distance, displacement, speed, velocity and acceleration. Displacement/time and velocity/time graphs and their interpretation, for motion with uniform and non-uniform acceleration | Questions from textbook |

01-???? | September | 3 | 9 | Free-body force diagrams Newtons second law of motion Acceleration, mass and force. Mass and weight. Newtons third law and Newtons first law of motion. | Worksheet |

01-???? | September | 4 | 9 | Introduce vectors and vector addition Practise calculations scale drawing Parallelogram law Bodies in equilibrium: vector forces on body sum to zero, triangle of forces Resolution of vectors into two components at right angles to each other by calculation and scale drawing. | IOP website research |

01-???? | September/ October | 5 | 9 | Work done and energy transfer K.E. & G.P.E. Derivation of: ?Egrav = mg?h ?W = F?s ?W = F?s.cos? Principle of conservation of energy and application to mechanical situations | Past paper questions |

01-???? | October | 6 | 9 | Discuss useful work done ? efficiency. Efficiency = [useful power output]/ [total power) input. | Questions from textbook |

01-???? | October | 7 | 9 | Linear momentum Principle of conservation of linear momentum as a consequence of Newtons laws of motion. Collision problems in one dimension. | Worksheet |

01-???? | November | 8 | 9 | Projectiles. Independence of vertical and horizontal motion | IOP website research |

01-???? | November | 9 | 9 | Centre of gravity Moment of a force; the principle of moments. | Past paper questions |

Topic 3 | |||||

01-???? | November | 10 | 9 | Current as rate of flow of charge: p.d. as work done per unit charge: Define resistance, Ohms law. | Questions from textbook |

01-???? | November | 11 | 9 | Series and parallel circuits Kirchhoffs laws. Resistor combinations (series and parallel) | Worksheet |

01-???? | November | 12 | 9 | I-V characteristics of: ohmic conductors, filament bulbs, thermistors and diodes Electrical energy Electrical power | IOP website research |

01-???? | November/ December | 13 | 9 | Potential divider Demonstration of variation of resistance of thermistor with change of temperature and LDR with change of light level. | Past paper questions |

01-???? | December | 14 | 9 | e.m.f as work done per unit charge: e.m.f. and internal resistance. | Questions from textbook |

02-???? | January | 15 | 9 | Resistivity Conduction mechanisms: distinction between metals, semiconductors and insulators. The transport equation | Worksheet |

Topic 4 | |||||

02-???? | January | 16 | 9 | Density, upthrust, viscosity, laminar and turbulent flow Stokes law, | IOP website research |

02-???? | January | 17 | 9 | Hookes law Force-extension and force-compression graphs Idea of limit of proportionality, elastic limit, yield point, elastic deformation and plastic deformation (including relation to graphs) Stress, strain, the Young modulus | Past paper questions |

02-???? | January | 18 | 9 | Tensile/compressive stress-strain graphs and understanding the term breaking stress. Elastic strain energy in a deformed material sample from the area under the force/extension graph | Questions from textbook |

Topic 5 | |||||

02-???? | February | 19 | 9 | Mechanical progressive wave properties. Introduce wave types: transverse, longitudinal Graphs representing transverse and longitudinal waves. | Worksheet |

02-???? | February | 20 | 9 | Wavefronts, coherence, path difference and phase Principle of superposition and interference Stationary waves | IOP website research |

02-???? | February | 21 | 9 | Patterns of nodes and antinodes for stretched strings and open and closed air columns Speed of a transverse wave on a string: | Past paper questions |

02-???? | February/ March | 22 | 9 | Diffraction: single slit wave diffraction Width of central maximum linked to relative sizes of wavelength and slit. The diffraction grating, | Questions from textbook |

02-???? | March | 23 | 9 | Intensity Waves meeting an interface between two media pulse echo techniques Refraction, refractive index and Snells law Critical angle and total internal reflection. | Worksheet |

02-???? | March | 24 | 9 | An understanding that image formation in lenses is due to refraction. Definition of focal length of a lens Ray diagrams for converging and diverging lenses. Real and virtual images and their properties Simple lens equation | IOP website research |

03-???? | April | 25 | 9 | Focal length and power of a lens for thin lenses in combination linear magnification Understand what is meant by plane polarisation | Past paper questions |

03-???? | April | 26 | 9 | Photon model The electron volt Atomic line spectra. Energy level ladder diagrams. Ground & excited states, choice of routes back ? photons emitted | Questions from textbook |

03-???? | April | 27 | 9 | The photoelectric effect Work function and the photoelectric equation | Worksheet |

03-???? | April | 28 | 9 | Wave-particle duality Wave properties of free electrons Electron diffraction demonstration. | IOP website research |

Topic 6 | |||||

03-???? | May | 29 | 9 | Impulse momentum theorem | Past paper questions |

03-???? | May | 30 | 9 | Conservation of linear momentum. Collision problems in two dimensions Elastic and inelastic collisions. The kinetic energy of a non-relativistic particle. | Questions from textbook |

03-???? | May | 31 | 9 | Radian measure Angular displacement Angular velocity Angular frequency | Worksheet |

03-???? | May | 32 | 9 | Centripetal acceleration | IOP website research |

Topic 7 | |||||

03-???? | June | 33 | 9 | Electrostatic phenomena and electric charge. Electric field strength | Past paper questions |

03-???? | June | 34 | 9 | Force between point charges. Coulombs Law Electric field strength due to a point charge | Questions from textbook |

03-???? | June | 35 | 9 | Electric potential Uniform field (between parallel plates): Force on charges q entering a field: Radial fields Radial and uniform electric fields (field lines and equipotentials) [compare with gravitational fields] | Worksheet |

03-???? | July | 36 | 9 | Define capacitance Energy stored by a capacitor derived from the area under a graph of potential difference against charge stored | IOP website research |

cteristics of: ohmic conductors | filament bulbs | thermistors and diodes | |||

Electrical energy | |||||

Electrical power" | IOP website research | ||||

01-???? | November/ December | 13 | 9 | Potential divider Demonstration of variation of resistance of thermistor with change of temperature and LDR with change of light level. | Past paper questions |

01-???? | December | 14 | 9 | e.m.f as work done per unit charge: e.m.f. and internal resistance. | Questions from textbook |

02-???? | January | 15 | 9 | Resistivity Conduction mechanisms: distinction between metals, semiconductors and insulators. The transport equation | Worksheet |

Topic 4 | |||||

02-???? | January | 16 | 9 | Density, upthrust, viscosity, laminar and turbulent flow Stokes law, | IOP website research |

02-???? | January | 17 | 9 | Hookes law Force-extension and force-compression graphs Idea of limit of proportionality, elastic limit, yield point, elastic deformation and plastic deformation (including relation to graphs) Stress, strain, the Young modulus | Past paper questions |

02-???? | January | 18 | 9 | Tensile/compressive stress-strain graphs and understanding the term breaking stress. Elastic strain energy in a deformed material sample from the area under the force/extension graph | Questions from textbook |

Topic 5 | |||||

02-???? | February | 19 | 9 | Mechanical progressive wave properties. Introduce wave types: transverse, longitudinal Graphs representing transverse and longitudinal waves. | Worksheet |

02-???? | February | 20 | 9 | Wavefronts, coherence, path difference and phase Principle of superposition and interference Stationary waves | IOP website research |

02-???? | February | 21 | 9 | Patterns of nodes and antinodes for stretched strings and open and closed air columns Speed of a transverse wave on a string: | Past paper questions |

02-???? | February/ March | 22 | 9 | Diffraction: single slit wave diffraction Width of central maximum linked to relative sizes of wavelength and slit. The diffraction grating, | Questions from textb |

Year/Term | Week | Month | Lessons | Subject titles | Assignment/homework |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

13-Jan | September | 1 | 9 | Charge and discharge capacitor through fixed resistor to obtain exponential decay curve for capacitor discharge Derive and use related equations for discharge in a resistor-capacitor circuit and the corresponding log equations Time constant, RC as the time taken for charge to fall to 37 per cent of initial value. | Past paper questions |

13-Jan | September | 2 | 9 | Magnetic field line patterns Right hand grip rule Demonstrate motor effect FlemingÕs left hand rule Magnitude of B for a wire and a charged particle Application to motors, moving coil meters and loudspeakers. | Questions from textbook |

13-Jan | September | 3 | 9 | Magnetic flux density, flux and flux linkage Origins of EM induction FaradayÕs law LenzÕs law and energy conservation. | Worksheet |

13-Jan | September | 4 | 9 | Transformer effect Effect of turns-ratio on transformer output LenzÕs law and energy conservation laminated core ? eddy currents. | IOP website research |

13-Jan | October | 5 | 9 | Simple a.c. theory Peak and root-mean-square values of current and voltage. | Past paper questions |

TOPIC 8: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS | |||||

13-Jan | October | 6 | 9 | Structure of the atom Rutherford scattering experiments The thermionic effect Charged particles in a magnetic field | Questions from textbook |

13-Jan | October | 7 | 9 | Mass increase as speed increases; particles can never reach the speed of light. High energy scattering experiments. | Worksheet |

Half term | |||||

13-Jan | October/ November | 8 | 9 | Creation and annihilation of matter and antimatter particles Non-SI units of MeV and GeV (energy) and MeV/c2, GeV/c2 (mass) Principles of cloud, bubble & spark chambers, ionisation detectors. | IOP website research |

13-Jan | November | 9 | 9 | The standard model Particle collisions: interpretation in terms of conservation laws. | Past paper questions |

Topic 9 | |||||

13-Jan | November | 10 | 9 | Ideal gases Equation of state Concept of absolute zero | Questions from textbook |

13-Jan | November | 11 | 9 | Kinetic theory Temperature and molecular kinetic energy Concept of internal energy | Worksheet |

13-Jan | November/ December | 12 | 9 | Specific heat capacity Specific latent heat | IOP website research |

13-Jan | December | 13 | 9 | Black bodies Stefan-Boltzmann law WienÕs law Intensity | Past paper questions |

Topic 10 | |||||

13-Jan | December | 14 | 9 | Trigonometric parallax (not parsecs) Standard candles Intensity inverse square law A simple Hertzsprung-Russell diagram and its relation to the life cycle of stars Main sequence, white dwarfs and red giants. | Questions from textbook |

End of Term | |||||

13-Feb | January | 15 | 9 | Doppler effect for em-radiation Redshift HubbleÕs law Gravitational attraction slows expansion of Universe. Average mass-energy density of the Universe affects whether indefinite expansion or final contraction. The Hubble constant Dark matter. | Worksheet |

Topic 11 | |||||

13-Feb | January | 16 | 9 | Processes of fission and fusion Mechanism of nuclear fusion Extreme condition required for fusion. | IOP website research |

13-Feb | January | 17 | 9 | Nuclear binding energy Mass deficit Background radiation Nature and properties of alpha, beta and gamma radiation | Past paper questions |

13-Feb | January/ February | 18 | 9 | Radioactivity as a random process Activity Exponential decay equations and the corresponding log. equations. | Questions from textbook |

Topic 12 | |||||

13-Feb | February | 19 | 9 | Radial gravitational field of the Earth Inverse square law NewtonÕs law of gravitation Derive and use the equation for the gravitational field due to a point mass | Worksheet |

13-Feb | February | 20 | 9 | Application to satellite orbits | IOP website research |

Topic 13 | |||||

13-Feb | February/ March | 21 | 9 | Conditions for simple harmonic motion Equations of shm | Past paper questions |

13-Feb | March | 22 | 9 | Displacement-time and velocity-time graphical variations for an oscillating object Equation for a simple harmonic oscillator | Questions from textbook |

and a simple pendulum. | |||||

13-Feb | March | 23 | 9 | Resonance Free and forced oscillations Damping | Worksheet |

13-Feb | March | 24 | 9 | Revision | Past paper questions |

13-Feb | March | 25 | 9 | Revision | Past paper questions |

END OF TERM | |||||

13-Mar | April | 26 | 9 | Revision | Past paper questions |

13-Mar | April | 27 | 9 | Revision | Past paper questions |

13-Mar | May | 28 | 9 | Revision | Past paper questions |

13-Mar | May | 29 | 9 | Revision Ð Beginning of A level Examinations | Past paper questions |

13-Mar | May | 30 | 9 | Revision | Past paper questions |

13-Mar | May | 31 | 9 | Revision | Past paper questions |

13-Mar | June | 32 | 9 | Revision | Past paper questions |

13-Mar | June | 33 | 9 | Revision | Past paper questions |

13-Mar | June | 34 | 9 | Revision Ð End of A level Examinations | Past paper questions |

motor effect | |||||

FlemingÕs left hand rule | |||||

Magnitude of B for a wire and a charged particle | |||||

Application to motors | moving coil meters and loudspeakers." | Questions from textbook | |||

13-Jan | September | 3 | 9 | Magnetic flux density, flux and flux linkage Origins of EM induction FaradayÕs law LenzÕs law and energy conservation. | Worksheet |

13-Jan | September | 4 | 9 | Transformer effect Effect of turns-ratio on transformer output LenzÕs law and energy conservation laminated core ? eddy currents. | IOP website research |

13-Jan | October | 5 | 9 | Simple a.c. theory Peak and root-mean-square values of current and voltage. | Past paper questions |

TOPIC 8: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS | |||||

13-Jan | October | 6 | 9 | Structure of the atom Rutherford scattering experiments The thermionic effect Charged particles in a magnetic field | Questions from textbook |

13-Jan | October | 7 | 9 | Mass increase as speed increases; particles can never reach the speed of light. High energy scattering experiments. | Worksheet |

Half term | |||||

13-Jan | October/ November | 8 | 9 | Creation and annihilation of matter and antimatter particles Non-SI units of MeV and GeV (energy) and MeV/c2, GeV/c2 (mass) Principles of cloud, bubble & spark chambers, ionisation detectors. | IOP website research |

13-Jan | November | 9 | 9 | The standard model Particle collisions: interpretation in terms of conservation laws. | Past paper questions |

Topic 9 | |||||

13-Jan | November | 10 | 9 | Ideal gases Equation of state Concept of absolute zero | Questions from textbook |

13-Jan | November | 11 | 9 | Kinetic theory Temperature and molecular kinetic energy Concept of internal energy | Worksheet |

13-Jan | November/ December | 12 | 9 | Specific heat capacity Specific latent heat | IOP website research |

13-Jan | December | 13 | 9 | Black bodies Stefan-Boltzmann law WienÕs law Intensity | Past paper questions |

Topic 10 | |||||

13-Jan | December | 14 | 9 | Trigonometric parallax (not parsecs) Standard candles Intensity inverse square law A simple Hertzsprung-Russell diagram and its relation to the life cycle of stars Main sequence, white dwarfs and red giants. | Questions from textbook |

End of Term | |||||

13-Feb | January | 15 | 9 | Doppler effect for em-radiation Redshift HubbleÕs law Gravitational attraction slows expansion of Universe. Average mass-energy density of the Universe affects whether indefinite expansion or final contraction. The Hubble constant Dark matter. | Worksheet |

Topic 11 | |||||

13-Feb | January | 16 | 9 | Processes of fission and fusion Mechanism of nuclear fusion Extreme condition required for fusion. | IOP website research |

13-Feb | January | 17 | 9 | Nuclear binding energy Mass deficit Background radiation Nature and properties of alpha, beta and gamma radiation | Past paper questions |

13-Feb | January/ February | 18 | 9 | Radioactivity as a random process Activity Exponential decay equations and the corresponding log. equations. | Questions from textbook |

Topic 12 | |||||

13-Feb | February | 19 | 9 | Radial gravitational field of the Earth Inverse square law NewtonÕs law of gravitation Derive and use the equation for the gravitational field due to a point mass | Worksheet |

13-Feb | February | 20 | 9 | Application to satellite orbits | IOP website research |

Topic 13 | |||||

13-Feb | February/ March | 21 | 9 | Conditions for simple harmonic motion Equations of shm | Past paper questions |

13-Feb | March | 22 | 9 | Displacement-time and velocity-time graphical variations for an oscillating object Equation for a simple harmonic oscillator | Questions from textbook |

and a simple pendulum. | |||||

13-Feb | March | 23 | 9 | Resonance Free and forced oscillations Damping | Worksheet |

13-Feb | March | 24 | 9 | Revision | Past paper questions |

13-Feb | March | 25 | 9 | Revision | Past paper que |